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Going to the Land

Itinerary

4:29 min. - On the north shore of the Saint Lawrence River, Innu went upriver to their territories by following the course of the large rivers. This is the Ekuanitshit (Mingan) and Natashquan Indian’s itinerary.

Transcription

Joseph Bellefleur - We followed the Natashquan River all the way to Nipi Shipu and there, we crossed the Aguanish River. Next, we crossed the Kuanissiu Shipu River, which led us to a place where there were 4 portages. From there we continued on to a place called Uematakan, where there were many rapids, so we set out on a very long portage. While following one of these portages, we reached a place called "the horse's behind", (Kapenakashkueu Metish). It was a mountain with a cliff whose shape recalled a horse's hindquarters. The name applies to the entire region, the mountain itself and a few surrounding lakes. When you look in one direction, of course you see the horse's hindquarters. But in the other direction, it's the head you see. Next, we arrived in the Menai Nipi region where we followed a winding river, also called Menai Nipi. The further up this river we went, the narrower it became. But it was still just as sinuous. It took us to Lake Menai Nipi, our traditional territory.
Narrator - Of course, all this travelling depended on the weather, today's or tomorrow's.
Basile Bellefleur - For example, if the wind came from the East in the evening and it was still from the East the next morning, we didn't move. That meant bad weather was coming. If the wind changed direction overnight to the West or the North that meant good weather was ahead.
Joseph Bernard - We left Mingan to go to Tsheshe-shastshit. I remember going there twice. The last time, I must have been 12 and I could already accomplish all the required tasks. For example, I went hunting alone or accompanied my grandfather to get supplies in Tsheshe-shastshit. We left to go inland around August 5, and headed up the river at its mouth around the 16th. There were 36 portages. Luckily, they weren't too long. Two at most were longer, six miles long. It took us four trips on foot to transport all our gear. We preferred not to carry too heavy a load each time. My grandfather filled his canoe so we would have everything we needed to stay in the bush till the following June.
Music - Rodrigue Fontaine, Bill St-Onge, Luc Bacon

Three Innu row across a lake in a traditional canoe
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15 Related words or expressions

kapatauat
they’re portaging
kassekau
fall
matapeshtau
he finishes portaging
minishtiku
island
nakatshun
at the foot of the rapids
natai-kukushu
going upriver using a pole
nishtamitikutsheu
he rows in front
pakauat
they disembark from the canoe
piutamu
he descends the rapids in a canoe
takuaitsheu
she directs the canoe
uashtessiu
the trees are changing colour
uauakashkuaimuat
they row along a winding waterway
uishitshiminana
lingonberries
uiushuat
they carry baggage on their backs
ushkuepakau
birch forest



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