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Food from the Caribou

Caribou Meat

4:59 min. - The caribou’s head has always been the most sought-after part, the part we give to guests. To make the meat easy to carry, we dry it and grind it into a powder.

Transcription

Narrator - The caribou's head has always been the most sought-after part, the one that's offered to visitors.
Zacharie Bellefleur - Some people were very skilled at cutting up the caribou, drying its meat, turning it on the drying rack and grinding it into a powder. By doing this, we lightened the load of meat we had to carry.
Other people were expert at the fair division of a catch of meat after a group hunt. They summoned everyone, never forgetting a single person.
In August, the partridges had grown to adulthood, and we were allowed to hunt both males and females.
On the way to our land, we attempted to hunt mainly porcupine and beaver. The females were very fat at that time, and excellent to eat. However, during the summer, we spared these small animals, as we did the caribou. That's why we were taught to recognize the females. For example, in the case of porcupines, the male tends to urinate while it walks, and its manner of eating tree bark is different from that of the female.

Pelashe Bellefleur hangs caribou meat inside a tent to dry it
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4 Related Video to Food from the Caribou

25 Related words or expressions

atan
smooth rock
atsheu
he crushes the bones with a mortar and pestle
mamatishakanua uina
they cut the marrow into slices
mameshinikutakan
sculpture of two males in heat
manaipimeu
skim the fat from the top of the bone broth
minuassukaimu upimim
we mix the fat with the marrow slices
mushkami
bone broth
natshi-minu-akutau ushkanima
out of respect for the caribou, he’ll place the bones in an elevated spot
nipishaputshenanu
we make tea
nutapuenanu
skim the bone broth
panishauenanu
they cut the meat in large, thin slices
pashtatashkuaikanu mak massekushkamiku ashtakanu tshetshi mamuashkatik
we place wooden blocks and moss on top of it so it will all freeze together
pitaikanu umiku uinashtakat
they add blood to the stomach
shiutau uiashinu
he salts the sliced meat
tshishtaimu uiashinu
he grills meat on a stick
tshissakanua uina
we cook the bone marrow slices
uikutaimu uina
he extracts the bone marrow
uina
marrow
ushakanana
boiled bones
ushikaneu
he boils the powdered bones
ushkan
bone
ushkan-atiku
caribou bones not used in the fat-making process
ushkuai akunaikatshenanu nakatuashun
the food packets are covered in birch bark
utapiukatiapia makupitakatsheu nenu utipatshipishikan
he uses roots to tie the dried meat of an entire caribou into a bark container
utapuinakan
bark container



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