In 1961, the Pakut-shipu Innu settled in Unaman-shipu. They left in 1963 to return to Pakut-shipu, which means “the river with sandbanks”. This community is located on the western shore of the Saint-Augustin River, 550 km North-East of Sept-Îles. It is accessible only by plane or boat.
Phonetic: Pa-kou-a Shi-pi
Number of persons within the community: 308
Number of persons outside the community: 1
Territory Name: Saint-Augustin Settlement
Surface: 3 hectares (7.4 acres)
Localisation: The community is located on the western bank of the Saint-Augustin River, 550 kilometres northeast of Sept-Îles
Tribal Council : Mamit Innuat
The local economy is based chiefly on arts and handicrafts, fishing as well as a small degree of tourism.
Three community businesses are located on this territory, namely, a convenience store, hotel accommodations, and the radio station.
École Pakuashipish: Pre-Kindergarden to Secondary 4
Number of students: 73
COMMUNITY SERVICES AND INFRASTRUCTURES
Fire protection: Fire station, fire engine, firefighting equipment
Police services: Provided by the Aboriginal police force recognized under an agreement between the Band council, the Government of Canada and the Government of Quebec.
Medical care: Nursing station managed by the Band council under a transfer agreement with Health Canada.
Main community facilities: Community radio station, community hall, church, youth centre
Housing Units: 79
Statistics Canada (2006 Census)
5:50 min. - On August 1961, Indian Affairs, unable to control the nomadic Indians, forced the Pakut-shipu band to move to Unaman-shipu. They forced them onto a ship, the “North Pioneer”. They promised them houses.
Charles Mark - On August 16, 1961, the Department of Indian Affairs, unable to control the nomadic Indians, forced the Pakut-shipu band to move to Unaman-shipu. They forced them onto a ship, the North Pioneer. They promised them houses. On April 3, 1963, following Indian Affairs' failure to respect their promise to build houses, we decided to return to Pakut-shipu. The captain's name was Shimun Mestenapeo. The Innu lived here on the point near the island, and there were almost no Whites. In 1977, bureaucrats from Sept-Iles decided to relocate us to the other side of the river. The government built houses and we were satisfied. But they didn't build a school, they renovated the old school on the other side of the river. In winter, the schoolchildren crossed the ice on skidoos and crossed by canoe in summer. It was very dangerous. Ultimately, because of our insistence, we obtained a school. The English lived along the coast here, some of them came from Newfoundland. They built their own houses. Times have changed. Young people go less and less into the bush. But I'd like to bring them back there. It would help the ones with learning difficulties.
Music - Philippe Mckenzie