The community of Mashteuiatsh is located on the western shore of Pekuakami, or Lac Saint-Jean, 6 km from Roberval; it can be reached by route 169. Founded in 1856, it is the oldest Innu reserve. Before being named Mashteuiatsh, which means “where there is a point” it was already a passage and summer gathering place where fishing was often successful.
Originally known as "Ouiatchouan", the community has been called Mashteuiatsh since 1985. For a long time, the popular name, “Pointe-Bleue” also designated the reserve's inhabited area.
Number of persons within the community: 2062
Number of persons outside the community: 2879
Territory Name: Mashteuiatsh Reserve
Surface: 1 522 hectares (3 760.9 acres)
Localisation: The reserve is located 6 kilometres from Roberval, on the western shore of Lac Saint-Jean.
Tribal Council: Mamuitun
The local economy is based chiefly on logging, construction, transport, and arts and handicrafts.
There are approximately 130 businesses on this reserve: food, hotel accommodations, sawmills, electrician, auto mechanics, taxi, arts and handicrafts, post office, excavation, plumbing, translation, camping, hardware, convenience store, restaurants, etc.
École Amishk: Pre-Kindergarden school to Grade 6
Number of students: 327
École Kassinu-Mamu: Secondary 1 to Secondary 5
Number of students: 212
COMMUNITY SERVICES AND INFRASTRUCTURES
Fire protection: Fire station, fire engine, firefighting equipment
Police services: Provided by the Aboriginal police force recognized under an agreement between the Band council, the Government of Canada and the Government of Quebec.
Medical care: Health centre managed by the Band council under a transfer agreement with Health Canada.
Main community facilities: Arena, library, social and sports centre, youth centre, community hall, home care centre, friendship centre, health centre, social services centre (Centre Petapa), youth coffee house, community radio station, hardware store
Housing Units: 613
Statistics Canada (2006 Census)